The West Virginia. Cyclopedia

French and Indian War

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Begin in 1754. Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War in 1763.

British claims were based on the 1670 Batts-Fallam expedition, and the fact that the colonial charters of Virginia, Massachusetts, and Connecticut, defined the colonial boundaries as stretching from sea to sea. French claims were based on LaSalle's 1669 expedition. Virginia's claims on the Trans-Allegheny territory based on its 1609 charter and the Treaty of Lancaster of 1744.

1749, Captain Celoron de Blainville's expedition down the Ohio buries plates including one at mouth of the Kanawha River.

General Braddock was defeated by the French near Fort Duquesne July 9, 1755, leaving the western frontier open to attack by the French and its Indian allies. In March of 1756, the Virginia General Assembly ordered the construction of a defensive "chain of forts", with the location of the forts to determined by George Washington. Washington served as a lieutenant colonel of the newly formed Virginia Regiment, during this period.

In 1754, Lieutenant Governor Dinwiddie issued a proclamation designed to encourage enlistment in the local militia for the war against the French. In addition to their pay, those who enlisted in Lieutenant Colonel George Washington's fledgling Virginia Regiment were offered a share in two hundred thousand acres west of the Ohio River.

During the course of the war, Virginia Governor Dinwiddie ordered the constructed of additional forts along the eastern border of West Virginia.

British forces force French from Ft. Dusquesne

Construction of Fort Pitt

Capture of Quebec in 1759, and Montreal in 1760. Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War in 1763.