The West Virginia. Cyclopedia

Iroquois Confederacy

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The Iroquois Confederacy was an alliance of five Iroquois-speaking nations, the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca, formed in present-day New York in the late 1500s. The Tuscaroras joined the Iroquois Confederacy in 1722, and the alliance then became known as the Six Nations.

Treaties with the Iroquois Confederacy

Two Row Wampum Treaty of 1692, sometimes called "the Covenant Chain."

Treaties with the Six Nations

Treaty of Albany (1722) -- Restricted Iroquois to areas west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Treaty of Lancaster (1744) -- At Lancaster, Virginia negotiators convinced the Six Nations to surrender their land to the "setting sun," which the Confederacy interpreted as the crest of the Alleghenies and the British interpreted as all of western Virginia, to the Ohio River.