The West Virginia. Cyclopedia

Jefferson County

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Jefferson County

Formed from Berkeley County in 1801, and named for Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence and third President of the United States. The first permanent white settlement was believed to have been made in the Shepherdstown area in 1719. In 1727, German immigrants founded the town of New Mecklenburg, later renamed Shepherdstown. Jefferson is the easternmost county in West Virginia.

County Seat: Charles Town, WV
Population: 42,190 (2000 Census)
Jefferson County Profile

Lodging: Jefferson County Hotels

Cities and Towns

Harpers Ferry, WV
Charles Town
Ranson, WV
Shepherdstown, WV


Shepherdstown Public Library


Jefferson County Schools


Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Appalachian National Scenic Trail
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park

See Also

Jefferson Rock


Temperature Mean Annual Average: 52 (Degrees F)
January Averages: High 38 (Degrees F) -- Low 19 (Degrees F)
July Averages: High 85 (Degrees F) -- Low 61 (Degrees F)

Long Term Precipitation

January: 2.57 inches -- July: 3.83 (inches) -- Annual: 38.0 (inches)

Mean Annual Snowfall Range

25 - 30 inches

Jefferson County Weather Forecast

Additional Sources of Information


Military Operations in Jefferson County, Virginia (and West Va.) 1861-1865 -- A booklet published in 1911 that was meant to supplement the 25 historic markers erected in Jefferson County in 1910 by providing additional information on the engagements that took place during the Civil War.

West Virginia Geological Survey: Jefferson, Berkeley and Morgan Counties