The West Virginia. Cyclopedia

Mercer County

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Mercer County

Established in 1837 from parts of Giles and Tazewell Counties (Virginia), and named in honor of General Hugh Mercer, of Revolutionary War fame. Mercer County has traditionally been agricultural, though coal mines were operated in the western county and much of the eastern county lies within state park, national parkland and wildlife-management areas.

County Seat: Princeton, WV
Population: 62,980 (2000 Census)
Mercer County Profile

Lodging: Mercer County Hotels

Schools: Mercer County Schools
Institutes, Colleges and Universities: Bluefield State College (map) : Concord University (map)
Libraries: [http://craftmemorial.lib.wv.us/ Craft Memorial Library]

Cities and Towns

Athens, WV
Bluefield, WV
Bluestone, WV
Bramwell, WV
Matoaka, WV
Oakvale, WV
Princeton, WV

State Parks

Camp Creek State Park
Pinnacle Rock State Park

Formation of Mercer County

In 1837, Mercer County was formed in response to a petition of the people living along the Flat Top Mountain, the Bluestone, and the upper waters of Brush Creek, who complained of the inconvenience of the long journey to their old county seat. The first county house was built in 1839. In 1843 there were in the county only two voting places -- Princeton and Pipestem.


Temperature Mean Annual Average: 52 (Degrees F)
January Averages: High 39 (Degrees F) -- Low 23 (Degrees F)
July Averages: High 78 (Degrees F) -- Low 62 (Degrees F)

Long Term Precipitation

January: 2.51 inches -- July: 4.23 (inches) -- Annual: 38.4 (inches)

Mean Annual Snowfall Range

35 - 45 inches

Mercer County Weather Forecast

Additional Sources of Information


A History of Middle New River Settlements and Contiguous Territory, published in 1906

West Virginia Geological Survey:Mercer, Monroe, and Summers Counties

West Virginia Geological Survey: Raleigh County and the Western Portions of Mercer and Summers Counties