The West Virginia. Cyclopedia

Moneton Village

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"Moneton" is often quoted as being the name of a Indian village, said to have been located in the vicinity of the early salt works at the mouth of Campbells Creek in Kanawha County, a few miles east of present-day Charleston, WV, just above the present-day location of Malden, WV.


Moneton or ...?

Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 145—1953 states: "The Moneton were first mentioned by Thomas Batts in 1671 (Alvord and Bidgood, 1912). Three years later they were visited by Gabriel Arthur, an indentured servant of the trader Abraham Wood."

But Batts actually called these people "Mohecan," writing the following:

"We understand the Mohecan Indians did here formerly live. It cannot be long since we found corn stalks in the ground."

From a letter from Abraham Wood to John Richards, August 22, 1674

"Now the king must go to give the Monetons a visit which were his friends, 'mony' signifing water and 'ton' great in their language. Gabriel must go along with him. They set forth with sixty men and travelled ten days due north and then arrived at the Moneton town situated upon a very great river, at which place the tide ebbs and flows. Gabriel swam in the river several times, being fresh water. This is a great town and a great number of Indians belong to it, and in the same river Mr. Batt and Fallam were upon the head of it as you read in one of my first journals. This river runs northwest and out of the westerly side of it goes another very great river about a day's journey lower where the inhabitants are an innumerable company of Indians, as the Monetons told my man, which is twenty day's journey from one end to the other of the inhabitance, and all these are at war with the Tomahittans."