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Settlement of Wheeling, WV

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On a bright morning in 1770, Colonel Ebenezer Zane stodd on the bank of the Ohio River, just above the mouth of Wheeling Creek. He was the founder of a future city -- Wheeling.

Erecting a cabin, he remained a year, and then went east to induce some friends to remove with him to his home on the Ohio River. He was sucessful. His two brothers, John and Silas, came and spent the summer in 1772, and in the early part of 1773, other settlers came. Thus was made the permanent settlement of the present-day Wheeling, WV..

Wheeling was laid out in town lots by Ebenezer Zane in 1793, and December 26th, 1795, it was made a town by legislative enactment. The town was incorporated January 16th, 1805, and by an act of the Assembly, March 11th, 1836, the town of Wheeling was incorporated into the city of Wheeling. The first court for Ohio County was held at Black's cabin, on Short Creek, January 16th, 1777. Later the sessions were held at West Liberty, and in 1797, Wheeling became the seat of justice, and the court met at that place May 75h of that year at the house of John Gooding.