WVExp.com
The West Virginia. Cyclopedia


Difference between revisions of "Elkins Coal Field"

From West Virginia (WV) Cyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
 
(2 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
The Elkins Coal Field is the name used to describe a coal producing section of West Virginia that includes the following counties, in whole or it part: [[Braxton County|Braxton]], [[Lewis County|Lewis]], [[Webster County|Webster]], [[Upshur County|Upshur]], [[Randolph County|Randolph]], [[Tucker County|Tucker]], [[Grant County|Grant]], and [[Mineral County|Mineral]] counties.
 
The Elkins Coal Field is the name used to describe a coal producing section of West Virginia that includes the following counties, in whole or it part: [[Braxton County|Braxton]], [[Lewis County|Lewis]], [[Webster County|Webster]], [[Upshur County|Upshur]], [[Randolph County|Randolph]], [[Tucker County|Tucker]], [[Grant County|Grant]], and [[Mineral County|Mineral]] counties.
  
In about 1854 the New Creek Company, later the Piedmont Coal and Iron Company, began shipping coal via recently complete lines of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O), from mines located near the present-day site of [[Piedmont, West Virginia|Piedmont, WV]], in Mineral County. Not long after this, Henry Gassaway Davis began selling coal to the B&O from lands in the Piedmont area Davis had obtained via the barter system, those mines being operated under the name of H. G. Davis and Company.
+
==Coal Seams==
 +
 
 +
The Pittsburg seam is by far the most important seam in the Northern Division but does not occur extensively in the Elkins Coal Field, only occurring in the region around Elk Garden.  Mines in [[Grant County]] have mined principally the Upper Freeport, Lower Freeport, and Lower Kittanning seams. In [[Randolph County|Randolph]] and [[Barbour County|Barbour]] counties in the regions around [[Elkins, West Virginia|Elkins]] and [[Buckhannon, West Virginia|Buckhannon]], and in [[Webster County|Webster]] and [[Braxton County|Braxton]] counties, the principal producing seams have been the Upper and Lower Freeport, Lower Kittanning, and Redstone. The Bakerstown seam has been mined in the region around Elk Garden and in [[Tucker County]]. In the Elk Garden region, the Bakerstown coal appears as a semi-anthracite 27 to 30 inches thick.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Development of the Field==
 +
 
 +
In about 1854 the New Creek Company, later the Piedmont Coal and Iron Company, began shipping coal via recently complete lines of the [http://www.wvrailroads.net/index.php/Baltimore_%26_Ohio_Railroad Baltimore & Ohio Railroad] (B&O), from mines located near the present-day site of [[Piedmont, West Virginia|Piedmont, WV]], in Mineral County. Not long after this, Henry Gassaway Davis began selling coal to the B&O from lands in the Piedmont area Davis had obtained via the barter system, those mines being operated under the name of H. G. Davis and Company.

Latest revision as of 17:40, 26 July 2012

The Elkins Coal Field is the name used to describe a coal producing section of West Virginia that includes the following counties, in whole or it part: Braxton, Lewis, Webster, Upshur, Randolph, Tucker, Grant, and Mineral counties.

Coal Seams

The Pittsburg seam is by far the most important seam in the Northern Division but does not occur extensively in the Elkins Coal Field, only occurring in the region around Elk Garden. Mines in Grant County have mined principally the Upper Freeport, Lower Freeport, and Lower Kittanning seams. In Randolph and Barbour counties in the regions around Elkins and Buckhannon, and in Webster and Braxton counties, the principal producing seams have been the Upper and Lower Freeport, Lower Kittanning, and Redstone. The Bakerstown seam has been mined in the region around Elk Garden and in Tucker County. In the Elk Garden region, the Bakerstown coal appears as a semi-anthracite 27 to 30 inches thick.


Development of the Field

In about 1854 the New Creek Company, later the Piedmont Coal and Iron Company, began shipping coal via recently complete lines of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O), from mines located near the present-day site of Piedmont, WV, in Mineral County. Not long after this, Henry Gassaway Davis began selling coal to the B&O from lands in the Piedmont area Davis had obtained via the barter system, those mines being operated under the name of H. G. Davis and Company.