The West Virginia. Cyclopedia

Fayetteville, West Virginia

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The count seat of Fayette County, Fayetteville, WV was established as Vandalia in 1837 and named for Abraham Vandal, fomer owner of the land upon which the town is located. Chartered as Fayetteville in 1883, the town was named in honor of Fayette County and the French patriot Marquis de LaFayette.

Through the late 1800s and early 1900s, Fayetteville prospered as the legal center of the booming New River Coal Fields, at which time many of its stately homes were completed.

The completion of the New River Gorge Bridge in 1977 and the establishment of the adjacent New River Gorge National River in 1978 helped the area develop into one of the top vacation destinations in West Virginia. Fayetteville's National Historic District is among the best preserved in the region, and visitors often stroll its streets in the evenings after dining at several of the town's restaurants.

Fayetteville, WV


Fayetteville is located about: 9 miles north of Oak Hill, WV; 25 miles north of Beckley, WV; 26 southwest of Summersville, WV; and 60 miles southeast of Charleston, WV


Raleigh County Memorial Airport is located five miles north of Beckley


Fayetteville, WV Hotels: Find nearby hotels and make online reservations

New River Gorge Lodging: B&Bs, camping, cabins/lodges, resorts, and vacation rentals

Real Estate

Fayetteville, WV Real Estate: Agents and Realtors


Fayetteville, WV: Current conditions, forecasts, weather alerts, and more


Map of Fayetteville and Vicinity

View a larger version of this map (best viewed full-screen) with links to driving directions and additional mapping options.


Fayetteville, WV, is the host city for the annual Bridge Day Festival, observed on the New River Gorge Bridge during the third Saturday in October.

National Parks

New River Gorge National River

State Parks

Babcock State Park
Hawks Nest State Park


Fayetteville Public Library
Fayette County Public Library


Fayette County Schools

See also: Fayetteville, WV



Map of Fayetteville, WV showing streets and highways, and nearby airports, parks, hospitals, buildings, churches, cemeteries, trails and more; with link to driving directions.

Topo map of Fayetteville, WV and vicinity

Census Data

Population: 2,754 (2000 Census)


Elevation: 1821 feet
Longitude: -81.1042
Latitude: 38.0528

Fayette County Court House

180px-Court-House-Fayetteville-WV-1.jpg The historic Fayette County Courthouse in Fayetteville, WV

Development of Fayetteville, WV

Tobacco farming had became an important early industry in Fayette County by the mid-1870's, at which time the Fayetteville Tobacco Factory was producing 2,568 pounds of tobacco annually.

The rapid industrial and economic development of Fayetteville, WV occurred following the completion of the route of Chesapeake & Ohio Railway (C&O) through the region in 1873, which facilitated the development of coal mining operations in the virtually untapped New River Coal Field. Soon afterwards, numerous mines opened within a few miles of Fayetteville, including the mines of the New River Company, and the mines at Kaymoor located along New River.

Variant Names for Fayetteville, WV