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Difference between revisions of "Martinsburg, West Virginia"

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Martinsburg rceived new life and fresh impetus in 1835 from the large camp of the surveying corps which located the route of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O), and in 1841, from the stores of railroad contractors and trade of the Irish and Germans who graded and bridged the rail line.  
 
Martinsburg rceived new life and fresh impetus in 1835 from the large camp of the surveying corps which located the route of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O), and in 1841, from the stores of railroad contractors and trade of the Irish and Germans who graded and bridged the rail line.  
  
In 1942, the track layers passed through Martinsburg, followed by the first steam locomotive to reach the town. In 1849, the town became  a first class railway station with enginehouse and machine shops under construction. In 1854, it became the termius of a turnpike from Winchester. In 1859, the town's population had grown to 3000, and the town had become incorporated, with hopes of becoming the terminus of the Cumberland Valley Railroad connecting with Chambersburg. In 1872, the Martinsburg & Potomac Railroad was completed through Martinsburg, the line being leased by the Cumberland Valley Railroad.
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In 1942, the B&O track layers passed through Martinsburg, soon followed by the first steam locomotive to reach the town. In 1849, the town became  a first class railway station point on the B&O, with enginehouse and machine shops under construction. In 1854, Martinsburg became the termius of a turnpike from Winchester.  
 +
 
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By 1859, the town's population had grown to 3000, and the town had become incorporated, with hopes of becoming the terminus of the Cumberland Valley Railroad connecting with Chambersburg. In 1872, the Martinsburg & Potomac Railroad was completed through Martinsburg, a rail line leased to the Cumberland Valley Railroad.
  
 
The [http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=224 Great Railroad Strike of 1877] started in Martinsburg on July 16, after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) announced a 10 percent reduction of wages. At the request of Governor Mathews, 200 federal troops were moved into Martinsburg to suppress the strike.  The strike was put down but continued to spread to other areas, gaining in violence and intensity. The strike is generally regarded as the first nationwide strike in the U.S.
 
The [http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=224 Great Railroad Strike of 1877] started in Martinsburg on July 16, after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) announced a 10 percent reduction of wages. At the request of Governor Mathews, 200 federal troops were moved into Martinsburg to suppress the strike.  The strike was put down but continued to spread to other areas, gaining in violence and intensity. The strike is generally regarded as the first nationwide strike in the U.S.

Revision as of 04:45, 3 December 2005

Martinsburg, WV (map), the county seat of Berkeley County, was originally chartered in 1778, and named in honor of Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Fort Neally was established on a site near present-day Martinsburg perhaps as early as 1755.


Weather:
Martinsburg, WV
Lodging:
Martinsburg, WV Hotels


Martinsburg, WV

Airports

Eastern West Virginia Regional Airport : Mapof heliports and airports in/near Martinsburg, WV

Attractions

Baltimore and Ohio and Related Industries Historic District
Boomtown Historic District
Boydville Historic District
Downtown Martinsburg Historic District
East Martinsburg Historic District
South Water Street Historic District
Tuscarora Creek Historic District

Libraries

Martinsburg - Berkeley County Public Library : (Map)

Media

Radio Stations

WRNR (AM 740,News/Talk) : WEPM (AM 1340, Local Info) : WVEP (FM 88.9, NPR) : WLTF (FM 97.5, Soft Rock)

Television (TV) Stations
WWPX (DT 12, Pax TV) : WWPX (TV 60, Pax TV)

Newspapers
The third newspaper published in West Virginia, the Berkeley Intelligencer, was published by John Alburtus in 1799. The Pioneer Press, the first African American newspaper in present-day West Virginia, was published in 1882 by J. R. Clifford, a Martinsburg attorney.

The Journal

Schools

Map of schools in/near Martinsburg, WV

Colleges and Universities
Shepherd University, formerly Shepherd College, is located about 10 miles from Martinsburg, in Shepherdstown, WV.

Public Schools"
Berkeley County Schools

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Maps

180px-Martinsburg_West_Virginia.gif
Map of Martinsburg, WV showing streets, airports, parks, buildings, churches, cemeteries, trails and other points of interest, with link to driving directions.

Topo map of Martinsburg, WV and vicinity

Photos

Martinsburg-Round-House.jpg
Photos of historic B&O Railroad structures in Martinsburg, WV

martinsburg_roundhouse.jpg
Scale drawings of Martinsburg's railroad roundhouses.

Census Data

Population: 14,972
(2000 Census)


Geo Data

Elevation: 457 feet
Latitude: 39.45710
Longitude: -77.96626

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Development of Martinsburg

Martinsburg is situated upon the site of what was once the chief town of the Tuscarora Indians, the little stream on which it is situated still bearing the name of Tuscarora Creek.

Martinsburg rceived new life and fresh impetus in 1835 from the large camp of the surveying corps which located the route of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O), and in 1841, from the stores of railroad contractors and trade of the Irish and Germans who graded and bridged the rail line.

In 1942, the B&O track layers passed through Martinsburg, soon followed by the first steam locomotive to reach the town. In 1849, the town became a first class railway station point on the B&O, with enginehouse and machine shops under construction. In 1854, Martinsburg became the termius of a turnpike from Winchester.

By 1859, the town's population had grown to 3000, and the town had become incorporated, with hopes of becoming the terminus of the Cumberland Valley Railroad connecting with Chambersburg. In 1872, the Martinsburg & Potomac Railroad was completed through Martinsburg, a rail line leased to the Cumberland Valley Railroad.

The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 started in Martinsburg on July 16, after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) announced a 10 percent reduction of wages. At the request of Governor Mathews, 200 federal troops were moved into Martinsburg to suppress the strike. The strike was put down but continued to spread to other areas, gaining in violence and intensity. The strike is generally regarded as the first nationwide strike in the U.S.


Variant Name(s) for Martinsburg, WV

Martins Town, Martins-Burgh, Martinsburgh, and Martinsville