The West Virginia. Cyclopedia
Martinsburg, West Virginia
Martinsburg, WV (map), the county seat of Berkeley County, was originally chartered in 1778, and named in honor of Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Fort Neally was established on a site near present-day Martinsburg perhaps as early as 1755.
Development of Martinsburg
The third newspaper published in West Virginia, the Berkeley Intelligencer, was published by John Alburtus in 1799. The Pioneer Press, the first African American newspaper in present-day West Virginia, was published in 1882 by J. R. Clifford, a Martinsburg attorney.
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 started in Martinsburg on July 16, after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) announced a 10 percent reduction of wages. At the request of Governor Mathews, 200 federal troops were moved into Martinsburg to suppress the strike. The strike was put down but continued to spread to other areas, gaining in violence and intensity. The strike is generally regarded as the first nationwide strike in the U.S.
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Map of Martinsburg, WV
Variant Name(s) for Martinsburg, WV
Martins Town, Martins-Burgh, Martinsburgh, and Martinsville