The West Virginia. Cyclopedia

Martinsburg, West Virginia

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Martinsburg, WV (map), the county seat of Berkeley County, was originally chartered in 1778, and named in honor of Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Fort Neally was established on a site near present-day Martinsburg perhaps as early as 1755.

Martinsburg, WV
Martinsburg, WV Hotels

Martinsburg, WV


Eastern West Virginia Regional Airport : Mapof heliports and airports in/near Martinsburg, WV


Baltimore and Ohio and Related Industries Historic District
Boomtown Historic District
Boydville Historic District
Downtown Martinsburg Historic District
East Martinsburg Historic District
South Water Street Historic District
Tuscarora Creek Historic District


Martinsburg - Berkeley County Public Library : (Map)


Radio Stations

WRNR (AM 740,News/Talk) : WEPM (AM 1340, Local Info) : WVEP (FM 88.9, NPR) : WLTF (FM 97.5, Soft Rock)

Television (TV) Stations
WWPX (DT 12, Pax TV) : WWPX (TV 60, Pax TV)

The third newspaper published in West Virginia, the Berkeley Intelligencer, was published by John Alburtus in 1799. The Pioneer Press, the first African American newspaper in present-day West Virginia, was published in 1882 by J. R. Clifford, a Martinsburg attorney.

The Journal


Map of schools in/near Martinsburg, WV

Public Schools": Berkeley County Schools

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Map of Martinsburg, WV showing streets, airports, parks, buildings, churches, cemeteries, trails and other points of interest, with link to driving directions.

Topo map of Martinsburg, WV and vicinity


Photos of historic B&O Railroad structures in Martinsburg, WV

Scale drawings of Martinsburg's railroad roundhouses.

Census Data

Population: 14,972
(2000 Census)

Geo Data

Elevation: 457 feet
Latitude: 39.45710
Longitude: -77.96626



Development of Martinsburg

The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 started in Martinsburg on July 16, after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) announced a 10 percent reduction of wages. At the request of Governor Mathews, 200 federal troops were moved into Martinsburg to suppress the strike. The strike was put down but continued to spread to other areas, gaining in violence and intensity. The strike is generally regarded as the first nationwide strike in the U.S.

Variant Name(s) for Martinsburg, WV

Martins Town, Martins-Burgh, Martinsburgh, and Martinsville